Type 2 Diabetes increases your risk for many serious health problems such as:
- Usually the first sign that a person has Type 2 Diabetes. People with Type 2 Diabetes are more prone to bacterial infections, fungal infections, and itching than those without.
- Other skin problems that happen mostly or only to people with Type 2 Diabetes are dermopathy, necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, diabetic blisters, and eruptive xanthomatosis.
- People with Type 2 Diabetes have a higher risk of blindness than those without.
- Likely to develop eye disorders such as glaucoma, cataracts, and retinopathy.
- Nerve damage from Type 2 – most common in those who have had Type 2 Diabetes for a number or years.
- Foot problems most often happen when there is neuropathy causing tingling, pain (burning or stinging), weakness, loss of feeling in the foot (you can injure it and not know it).
- Other foot complications include skin changes (dryness / peeling / cracking), calluses, foot ulcers, poor circulation and even amputation.
DKA (Ketoacidosis) & Ketones
- Ketones are chemicals that the body creates when it breaks down fat to use for energy which happens when the body doesn’t have enough insulin to use glucose (normal source of energy).
- High levels of ketones can poison the body – developing DKA (Ketoacidosis).
- High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood which is hard on the filters. Filters will eventually start to leak and useful protein is lost in the urine.
- Small amounts of protein in the urine is called microalbuminuria. Large amounts is called macroalbuminuria.
High Blood Pressure
- 1 in 3 American adults has high blood pressure.
- 2 in 3 people with Type 2 Diabetes report having high blood pressure.
- The chances of having a stroke are 1.5 times higher for people with Type 2 Diabetes than those without.
- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome.
- Blood sugar levels rise and your body tries to get rid of excess sugar by trying to pass it in urine.
- Severe dehydration, seizures, coma and even death can come of HHNS.
- The stomach takes too long to empty its contents (delayed gastric emptying).
- The vagus nerve controls the movement of food through the digestive tract and if this nerve is damaged or stops working, the muscles of the stomach and intestines do not work normally and the movement stops.
- When food that has been delayed in the stomach finally enters the small intestine and is absorbed, blood glucose levels rise.
The Good News?
With the correct treatment and recommended lifestyle changes, many people with Type 2 Diabetes are able to prevent or delay the onset of complications.